Mr Modi met allies and former mentors on Friday to plot a course for his second term. A considerable to-do list includes addressing India’s economic growth and reducing unemployment, as well as fixing the agriculture sector on which 70 percent of households depend.
The main opposition Congress party, which has governed India for much of its post-independence history, improved on its historic low five years ago of 44 seats but still only managed 52.
Congress chief Rahul Gandhi lost his own seat in Amethi, long a family bastion. He did win a seat in the southern state of Kerala, however, a quirk allowed under Indian election rules.